The stone that we call Diamond is a famous material with superlative physical qualities, most of which originate from the strong covalent bonding between its atoms. The diamond rock has the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any bulk material.
The Natural diamonds Origan.
Natural diamonds are formed with high temperatures and at a pressure depth of around 140 to 190 kilometers (87 to 118 mi) in the Earth’s mantle. Carbon-containing minerals provide the carbon source, and the growth occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years (25% to 75% of the age of the Earth).
Diamonds are brought close to the Earth′s surface through deep volcanic eruptions by a magma, which cools into igneous rocks known askimberlites and lamproites.
The rise of synthetic diamonds.
Diamonds can also be produced synthetically in a high-pressure high-temperature process which approximately simulates the conditions in the Earth’s mantle. An alternative, and completely different growth technique is chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several non-diamond materials, which include cubic zirconia and silicon carbide and are often called diamond simulants, resemble diamond in appearance and many properties. Special gemological techniques have been developed to distinguish natural and synthetic diamonds and diamond simulants.
The diamond consumer.
As a consumer looking to purchase a diamond as a gift or maybe you are thinking about getting engaged? What options do you have when purchasing a diamond?
Ethical Diamonds (Cultured – Synthetic – man made diamonds)
If you’re looking for the greener, cleaner diamond that is conflict free and eco friendly then you may be interested in this clever option.
Points to consider:
1) You can get a much larger stone for your budget. The diamonds are up to 50% cheaper.
2) They are chemically identical to mined diamonds.
3) Graded by world renowned Labourites.
4) Produce half the carbon foot print of mined diamonds.
5) Man made diamonds are all laser inscribed reassuring their origin.
6) There will be a huge demand for synthetic diamonds in the future as real diamonds are rapidly depleting.
7) Conflict free.
8) Could increase poverty, rattle to economy or cause death due to lack of demand in parts of Africa.
Real diamonds have a higher value and is a proactive product of the Earths natural process. This fits well with many buyers as they seem to be buying something that has taken around 1 billion to 3.3 billion years to make before its mined, cut, polished and set in a ring.
Points to consider:
1) Diamonds are rapidly depleting so the value will rise in the future.
2) A mined diamond will pass through many hands before it ends up on the consumers hand and the source is sometimes impossible to obtain, hence the need for disclosure.
3) Over inflated prices.
4) The Kimberley process has recently announced most of the diamonds received by 1st world countries are no longer conflict free.
5) 3.7 million people died needlessly in wars fuelled by diamonds, it was reported by Amnesty International.
6) Real diamonds have many flaws and have a diamond clarity, colour and cut chart that gives them different categories of price. The less expensive a diamond is the more flaws it has.
Example of a real diamond. Source: wikipedia
The choice still does come down to the consumer, but understanding the difference between which way to go depends on personal conclusions. Do we as humans with morals turn a blind eye and carry on? Or do we make a change and seek an alternative. Everyone takes away something different from the information presented to them. Whatever your decision, enjoy your jewellery.